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Cardiology

Our Cath Labís state-of-the-art cardiovascular x-ray system represents a new age in diagnostics. Superb image quality gives the clearest possible view for a full spectrum of cardiac and vascular interventions, balanced with low X-ray dosages. Below is a list of common Cath Lab procedures performed at Cypress Pointe Surgical Hospital.

Cardiac Catheterization
Diagnostic procedure completed by gently inserting a catheter into the blood vessels that feed the heart. Several injections of x-ray dye are made into the arteries allowing doctors to see heart blockages. Pressure measurements also are taken inside the heart to further evaluate the heart chambers and valves.

Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Coronary Angioplasty
Also known as Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or balloon angioplasty, this interventional procedure involves inserting a balloon-tipped catheter into a blocked heart artery. The balloon is then inflated and deflated to compress the blockage of plaque and increase the blood flow.  

Coronary Stent Placement
A stent is a small metal coil, or mesh tube, that may be placed in the artery to help keep it from reclosing by providing a scaffolding-like support. A stent is commonly used in conjunction with balloon angioplasty.

Peripheral Vascular Angiography
Diagnostic procedure completed by gently inserting a catheter into the blood vessels that feed the periphery of the body. Several injections of x-ray dye are made into the arteries allowing doctors to see blockages.  

Peripheral Vascular Interventions
Procedure which examines arteries of the body, i.e. arteries in the leg, for diagnosis and treatment, helping increase the blood flow where needed. Balloons and stents are often used in other arteries outside the heart, including the legs, kidneys and carotid arteries. 

Peripheral Angioplasty
Also known as Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or balloon angioplasty, this interventional procedure involves inserting a balloon-tipped catheter into a blocked peripheral artery. The balloon is then inflated and deflated to compress the blockage of plaque and increase the blood flow.  

Peripheral Vascular Stent Placement
A stent is a small metal coil, or mesh tube, that may be placed in the artery to help keep it from reclosing by providing a scaffolding-like support. A stent is commonly used in conjunction with balloon angioplasty.

Atherectomy
Technique used to remove plaque from a blocked heart artery. These procedures can be completed using several different state-of-the-art methods that the Cath Lab has readily available.  

Diagnostic Electrophysiology (EP)
During an EP study the Electrophysiologist (a cardiologist with specialized training in the electrical system of the heart) will thread special electrode catheters to the heart which map out the electrical current pathways of the heart. Causes for irregular or rapid heartbeats can often be determined and corrected by evaluating these pathways.  

Radio-frequency Ablation
Ablation is a treatment that cauterizes (burns) cells to eliminate rhythm abnormalities in patients. Once it is determined which area of the heart is responsible for the arrhythmia, a special wire carrying radiofrequency energy is used to cauterize the site. 

Implantable devices-
Procedures that involve the implantation of an electronic device that helps the heart maintain regular beats or detects irregular beats.  

Pacemaker

Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator  

Implantable Loop Recorders  

Cardioversion
Procedure performed by a Cardiologist in the Cath Lab to correct rapid or irregular heart beats, such as "atrial fibrillation."  

Echocardiography
An echocardiogram (echo) uses high-frequency sound waves to produce a graphic outline of the heart's movement.  

Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
The TEE test provides a close look at the heart's valves and chambers without interference from the ribs or lungs. TEE is often used when the results from standard echo tests are not sufficient, or when the Cardiologist wants a closer look at your heart. TEE may be combined with Doppler ultrasound and color Doppler to evaluate blood flow across the heart's valves.

 

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